Kalaignar Karunanidhi – Muthuvel Karunanidhi was an Indian politician and writer who served as Chief Minister of Tamilnadu for five times. He was born (3 June 1924) to Muthuvel and Anju in Thirukkuvalai village in Nagapattinam district, Tamilnadu. His original name is Dakshinamoorthy. He has two sisters, they are Periyanayamammal and Shanmuga Sundarathammal. Karunanidhi married three times.
His first wife was Padmavathi Ammal (now dead) and they have a son M.K. Muthu who working in Tamil film industries and politics. After Padmavathi’s death, Karunanidhi married Dayalu Ammal and they had four children. Three sons, M.K. Alagiri, M.K. Stalin, M.K. Tamilrasu, and a daughter M.K. Selvi. Alagiri and Stalin are working in the politics. Kanimozhi is the last daughter of Karunanidhi with his third wife Rajathi Ammal. Kanimozhi is also working in politics, she is a Member Parliament in Rajya Sabha.
Kalaignar Karunanidhi works as a screenwriter in the Tamil film industry before entering into politics. He started his screenwriter career in Tamil film Rajakumari starring M.G. Ramachandran, directed by A.S.A. Sami and produced by Jupiter Pictures.
His first movie was Parasakthi released in 1952 which is also the first movie for the great actor Sevaliye Sivaji Ganeshan and S.S. Rajendran. This film exposed the ideologies of the Dravidian movement and becoming a huge box-office hit.
Kalaignar Karunanidhi’s Tamil Literature
He is a die-hard fan for Tamil. He wrote many poems, essays, and books. Thenpandi Singam, Ponnar Sankar, Tholkaappiya Poonga, Sanga Thamizh, Thirukkural Urai, Poombukar, Kuraloviam, Romapuri Pandian, Iniyavai Irubathu, Vellikizhamai, and Nejukku Needhi; these are the books written by Karunanidhi. Apart from literature, he has also contributed to the Tamil language through Art and Architecture. He constructed a 133-foot-high statue of Thiruvalluvar in Kanyakumari. 133-foot refers to the 133 chapter of Thirukural.
The secret behind the Black spectacle
Kalaignar Karunanidhi, in his younger age, was an aggressive politician, who wished to uplift the downtrodden, give them education, job, and equality among people and against the then ruling Congress Party. In the struggle, efforts were made to kill Kalaignar Karunanithi, many times. During anti-Hindi agitation protests, he was hit by a policeman. The policeman hit his left eye badly and Kalaignar lost his most vision. So Kalaignar used to wear black goggles to hide from public view and it becomes a symbol for his identification.
Karunanidhi Entry into Politics:
He entered into Tamilnadu assembly after winning the Kulithalai seat in 1957 election at the age 33. Then he joined the DMK (created by C.N. Annadurai) in 1961. And became the deputy leader of opposition in the state assembly in 1962. He became the Public Works Minister when the DMK won the 1967 election. In 1969, after the death of Anna Durai, Karunanidhi became the Chief Minister of TamilNadu for the first time.
Five Times Chief Minister Periods:
- 10 February 1969 – 4 January 1971
- 15 March 1971 – 31 January 1976
- 27 January 1989 – 30 January 1991
- 13 May 1996 – 13 May 2001
- 13 May 2006 – 15 May 2011
He died on 7 Aug 2018 at evening 6:10 pm in Kauvery hospital, Chennai.